Turkish Checkers Variant
The Turkish Checkers variant is also known as Armenian Checkers, but is called "Dama" in the Middle East. "Dam" in Turkish means "King." The pieces in this variant move straight forward or sideways, with kings, or 'damas" moving like chess rooks. Aside from Turkey, this checkers variant is played in Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and other countries in the Middle East. The Turkish Checkers variant differs from all other checkers in the sense that all the 64 squares on the 8 x 8 game board are used.
Rules of the Game: The game board of this checkers variant is 8 x 8 on a 64 squares board with the double corner on the right of each player. Each player has 16 pieces placed on all the light-colored and dark-colored squares on the second and third, sixth and seventh rows of the board. The player with the lighter-colored pieces makes the first move.
Moves of the Men: Pieces called men can move one square at a time straight forward along the file, sideways on the rank or diagonally forward. When they reach the last rank, they are crowned to become kings.
Moves of the Kings: Crowned pieces called kings can move like a chess rook at any distance on an open line or rank in any direction vertical or horizontal.
Captures: Capturing is mandatory in the Turkish Checkers variant. Players must move to capture when capture is available. If there is an opportunity to capture several of the opponent's pieces in sequence, the sequence should be completed to capture all of the pieces. If there is more than one capture sequence, the player must choose the sequence that will have the most number of captured pieces. Each captured piece is first removed from the board before the capturing piece continues jumping opening up in the process additional capture opportunities previously unseen.
Captures by Men: Ordinary pieces, or men can move and capture one square forward along the column or one square sideways along the row by jumping over an adjacent piece to an empty square immediately beyond the captured piece.
Captures by Kings: A crowned piece called a "king" moves any distance on an open line in a horizontal and vertical direction just like a chess rook and captures the piece lying directly along its path provided there is an empty space immediately behind the captured piece.
The Winning Player: The player who cannot make any legal moves because he has lost all his pieces or all of his pieces were blocked losses the game and the winner is his opponent.
Conditions for a Draw: The player may agree to draw the game or if the same position has been encountered three times.